Sajdah: It is an act of prostration or low bowing to Allah facing the qiblah. Sajdah is usually done in standardised prayer.
In Arabic, the term sajdha is define as adoration in front of Allah Almighty.
Sajdha tilawat hanafi: The term defines as the prostration of recitation, is a prostration which happens during the ritual tilawah of Quran in the salah or it may occur outside it.
There are about 15 places where Muslims believes that when Muhammad recited a certain verse or an ayah he prostrated to the almighty Allah.
- Of Sajdha’s in Quran and corresponding juz
|S No.||Juz No.||Name of the Surah and number||Verse No.|
|13.||27||53. An Najm||62|
The verse below is recited in the prostration:
سَجَدَ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ، وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ، بِحَوْلِهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ، فَتَبَارَكَ اللهُ أَحسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ
I’ve prostrated my face to the one who created it and gave it hearing and sight by his might and power. Glory is to Allah, who is the Best of creators.
- Is the sajdha tilawah/prostration of recitation compulsory for individual?
There is a difference of opinion among the scholars and schools on whether performing prostrations of recitation is obligatory or not. The view of the Hanafis is that it is obligatory, their evidence includes:
The verse of the Quran where those who do not prostrate on hearing the Quran are condemned. And the condemnation is not done except on a forbidden action or decline from what is obligatory.
فمالهم لايؤمنون وإذا قرئ عليهم القرآن لا يسجدون
So what’s matter with them who do not believe, And when the Qur’an is recited to them, they do not prostrate to Allah?
— Quran 84:20-21
The Hadith that says it is obligatory without limiting it to only those who intend to perform it.
السجدة على من سمعها وعلى من تلاها
The prostration is obligatory for one who hears it and the recitation for one who recites it.
The hadith which implies that it is commanded and hence it is obligatory:
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا قرأ ابن آدم السجدة فسجد، اعتزل الشيطان يبكي، يقول: يا ويلي، وفي رواية يا ويله – أمر ابن آدم بالسجود فسجد فله الجنة، وأمرت بالسجود فأبيت فلي النار
The Messenger of Allah PBUH said : When the son of Adam recites a Verse of prostration and prostrates, the Satan withdraws, crying and saying: “Woe unto him” and according to the report of Abu Kuraib: “Woe unto me” the son of Adam was commanded to prostrate and he prostrated, so Paradise will be his; I was commanded to prostrate and I refused, so the Fire is mine.”
— Sahih Muslim
The view of the majority is that it is not obligatory but sunnah, their evidence has been given in Abdullah’s answer.
- أحكام القرآن للجصاص
- الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي
- الفقه الإسلامي وأدلته للزحيلي
- تفسير القرطبي
- الموسوعة الفقهية
The hadith which is used for the opinion that it is not obligatory is the following:
Imam al-Bukhari recorded from omar that he said: “O people, sometimes we recite the verse of Sajdah, and whoever makes a prostration he act correctly and there is no sin upon the one who does not prostrate” .
— Sahih Bukhari
And Allah knows best
- How to perform sajdha tilawat
Sajdha Tilaawat can be done by the standing position or in sitting position. Face the Qiblah, say the Takbeer i.e. Allaahu Akbar then go into the Sajdah, recite the Tasbeeh Subhaana Allah 3 times, say the Takbeer and come out of Sajdah. Sajdha is now done. Salaam will not be made.
For your Sajdah to be valid, all the requisites of Salaah will be necessary which includes Wudhu, covering of recommended parts, facing Qiblah, and others.
Sajdha Tilaawat should be performed like a normal Sajdha. Ablution to be performed.
There is no Sajdah Tilaawat when the Aayah of Sajdah is heard on tape or any recordings.
Is any specific time in the day or night to perform sajdha Tilaawat or are there any kind of restrictions to perform this prostration?
If sajdah tilawat is obligatory for someone then one can perform them any time except these 3 times since theses are makrooh time:
- During the time of sunrise
- at the midday
- at the sunset.
But, in case if he has recited the verse of sajdah from the quran at these times then he is recommended to offer the sajdah right at the same time even if the time is makhrooh
- Reference from Hashish Imdadul Fatawa: 1/558
There is no wrong in offering the sajdah-e-tilawat whether he is a Hanafi or a Shafei, but during the salah if a Hanafi recites a verse of sajdah from Qur’an, according to Imam Shafei then he should not offer sajdah-e-tilawat there.
- Reference from Imdadul Fatwas: 1/556)
And Allah knows the best of all…